Grant Details

Second Chance Act: Reentry for Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Mental Illness

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    Funder Type

    Federal Government

    IT Classification

    B - Readily funds technology as part of an award


    Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA)


    The Second Chance Act: Reentry for Co-Occurring Substance Abuse and Mental Disorders is designed to improve access to and delivery of services to offenders with co-occurring substance abuse and mental illness when they leave incarceration to reenter the community. The Department recognizes that a significant number of these adult offenders are in need of treatment in order to successfully complete their supervision, which in turn will reduce recidivism and promote public safety. Coordination among corrections, substance abuse and mental health treatment providers, correctional health, and parole or probation enables the development of collaborative comprehensive case plans that address criminogenic risk, substance abuse, and mental health needs. 

    Co-occurring disorders refers to co-occurring substance-related and mental disorders. Clients said to have COD have one or more substance-related disorder as well as one or more mental disorder. At the individual level, COD exist when at least one disorder of each type can be established independent of the other and is not simply a cluster of symptoms resulting from [a single] disorder.”

    Allowable Program Activities Include:

    • Continue and improve drug treatment programs, including the provision of medication assisted treatment, provided at a prison, jail, or juvenile facility.
    • Provide prison-based family treatment programs to incarcerated parents of minor children or pregnant women.
    • Develop and implement programs for supervised long-term substance abusers that include alcohol and drug abuse assessments, coordinated and continuous delivery of drug treatment, and case management services. 
    • Strengthen rehabilitation efforts for offenders by providing addiction recovery support services.
    • Provide for salaries, personnel costs, facility costs, and other costs directly related to the operation of that program.

    OJP Policy Priority Areas In FY 2020, and in addition to executing any program-specific prioritization that may be applicable, OJP will give priority consideration to applications as follows:

    • Applications from federally-recognized tribes
    • Applications that address specific challenges that rural communities face.
    • Applications that demonstrate that the individuals who are intended to benefit from the requested grant reside in high-poverty areas or persistent-poverty counties.
    • Applications that offer enhancements to public safety in economically distressed communities (Qualified Opportunity Zones).
    • Where the application is from a State or local government entity that operates at least one correctional facility (as defined at 34 U.S.C. 10251(a)(7)), applications that go to enhancing criminal justice and public safety by indicating agreement to comply with award conditions related to cooperation with federal law enforcement, as set forth in Appendix C. 

    History of Funding

    Up to $10,000,000 was available in FY 2019.

    Additional Information

    Statutorily Mandated Project Components

    All applicants:

    • Standardize screening and assessment processes for substance use disorders using a validated tool for offenders entering a correctional facility (e.g., booking, intake, or classifications).
    • Provide evidence-based pre- and post -release substance use and cognitive behavioral interventions to address criminogenic risk factors.
    • Establish medication-assisted treatment as part of any drug treatment program to offenders who are in a prison or jail.
    • Collect and use data to determine the effectiveness of the BJA-funded drug treatment programs.

    Applicants for prison-based programs:

    • The program shall integrate techniques to assess the strengths and needs of the incarcerated parent's immediate and extended family to support a treatment plan for the incarcerated parent.
    • The program shall ensure that each participant in that program has access to consistent and uninterrupted care if transferred to a different correctional facility within the state or other relevant entity.
    • The program shall be located in an area separate from the general population of the prison. 


    National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) Response Center

    National Criminal Justice Reference Service (NCJRS) Response Center
    Bureau of Justice Assistance
    810 Seventh Street NW
    Washington, DC 20531
    (800) 851-3420
    (301) 240-5830

  • Eligibility Details

    Eligible applicants are limited to states, units of local government, Nonprofit organizations and federally recognized Indian tribal governments.

    Deadline Details

    Applications are to be submitted by April 27, 2020. A similar deadline is anticipated, annually.

    Award Details

    Up to $13,250,000 is available in FY 2020. T14 awards of up to $900,000 each are anticipated. Cost sharing/matching is not required. Project periods will extend up to 48-months, starting October 1, 2020.

    Related Webcasts Use the links below to view the recorded playback of these webcasts

    • New Funding Opportunities for K-12 School Safety - Sponsored by NetApp - Playback Available
    • Funding to Address High Crime Areas within Your Community - Sponsored by NetApp - Playback Available
    • Funding to Enhance Response, Investigation, and Prosecution of Domestic Violence - Sponsored by Panasonic - Playback Available


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